Castellana RACE
Race from the trunk entrefinas sheep, whose common ancestor is the Ovis aries celtivericus, which descend numerous races in the Iberian Peninsula. He occupied the northern plains plateau, associating with cereal crops, where redileo in stubble for estercolarlas was a fundamental part of farming. In other seasons marginal advantage pastures, which were more efficient than cattle. It might have some influence Merino which he shared with ravines and port areas, although this breed only performed transterminance.

PENTAX Digital Camera
Originally the coat was black, but the middle of last century the depreciation of the black wool was so important, the selection to the white layer was systematically, introduced in areas of Castilla La Mancha breed to accelerate this process. This selection persists to this day, because although the wool has no great value, the skin is quite appreciated lechazos, and items with black colored pups are penalized.

There are hardly any references to race, because this concept was coined in the S. XIX, and in sheep, and other animals for slaughter, no specific names were used, but were named as "sheep country", or eventually taking the place names of the area. La Castellana breed took its name from the northern sub-plateau where it originated.

Since ancient times are known the Livestock Trade Medina del Campo, Castellana where race has always had a strong presence, and dating back to the Middle Ages. Also continue to take place in the province of Zamora fairs such as Alba Carbajales, already known since the nineteenth century, and where farmers have come to acquire the best stallions. Also in Zamora, until the end of the last century was celebrated on April Fair Botiguero, which has again resumed in recent years.

The County Council owns the Finca Salamanca "Castro Enriquez" a herd in purity of race Castellana, separately maintain both white and black variety. This herd was established based on local sheep, Stallions with contributions from the province of Zamora. However, not until the eighties began a scheduled improvement rigorously.

In 1979 Race was classified by the Ministry of Agriculture as promotion race, creating three years later, in 1982, the Spanish National Association of Cattle Breeders Sheep Breed Select Castellana, ANCA. The following year the Special Select Registry cattle breed was established, and in 1988 Specific Regulation of the Stud Book was published. Finally, Year 2000 schemes were approved dairy selection and prolificacy / maternal capacity for beef cattle.

CENSUS OF SHEEP BREED Castellana

Within the CC AA de Castilla y León, the province with the most important census Castellana breed is Zamora, where they are concentrated in the regions of Ready, Sanabria and mainly Resume.

In the rest of the province can be found more scattered herds, as in the provinces of Valladolid, Leon, and Salamanca. The census published by Sánchez Belda described a population of over a million and a half heads.

Currently the census may be about 350.000 animals, stabilized in a few 10 years old.

Zamora areas where Spanish is the majority race sheep breed (some 135.000 heads distributed at approximately 500 holdings), have a perfect adaptation of natural pasture the sheep. Also there it crosses all races has been systematic, but none have been able to displace these animals.

Castellana SKILLS OF RACE

Rustic Oveja of aptitud triple: meat, y Lana licked, ó cuádruple, if you add manure production, rarely mentioned. Manure production is important on farms, as it is still a system of sheep-cereal; wool production to be considered undesirable, as its price does not cover the cost of shearing.

Meat production is the most important, ranging prolificacy in control of the herds between 1'1 and 1'7, with an average of 1.4. Considering just estrus induction methods are not used and that supplementation is limited, this is good thing, given the hardiness of the breed.

Selling focuses on the young spring lamb or lamb, who sacrifices the 20-40 days old, Once I reached a weight of 10-12 kg. live. Average yields of the channel are 55%, with a weight of 4.5 kg-6'5 without head ni offal, and 5'5-7'5 with them. These channels must present a good thickening and a pale flesh color.

Feeding the lechazos is exclusively breastfed, which gives a very mild flavor, still a very popular product, part of the culinary culture of our community.

The lamb began as traditional product of dairy farms, where breeding was sacrificed early in order to take advantage of the mother's milk to make cheese.

However at present the vast majority of beef herds also sell lechazos, good price given the market reaching.

Also noteworthy is the higher production of lambs weighing between 20-30 kg, usually finished in feedlot and rarely leave holdings that weight. Carcass yields are always lower than 50%, and are channels that are always presented without heads and offal. This type of heavy lamb is produced mainly in the province of Zamora.

In dairy cattle, spread revenues to 50% between milk and meat. The average production within the Association is 105 liters 120 days. This average has been declining in recent years, due to reduced milking time, still rare in practice and lactation reaches those 120 days that makes the normalized lactating sheep.

Of course within these averages there is great variability, ranging from farms that do not reach the 80 liters, exceeding other 140.

Regarding the quality of milk, fat percentage is 6'55 %, and 5.57% protein. Also here are farms that exceed half the 7%, with extracts dried over 18'5 %.

As the wool is currently marginal product. With small oscillations, black wool half price valued the white, although today has great influence in choosing the layer. If change affects the skin; in recent years prices are at lows, but have come to have great value.

The skin is obtained from lechazos is a quality product, black coat but you can not dye, so the games where many black animals appear depreciate.

GENETIC SELECTION OF SHEEP BREED Castellana

A mid-S. XX there were still lots of black animals in purity, since it is the original layer breed, but persistent selection and animal breeding white layer (mainly by the introduction of Manchego breed), almost completely eliminated these animals; pure black animals are very rare (blackberries sheep). The presence of white spot on the nape is the most common. This can be considered a peculiar feature of the Black Castellana, and other fine breeds entrefinas and black varieties, cases of Manchego or Merina, them individuals are completely black, although crossing has been more intense than in the Castellana. Black Spanish variety is listed endangered since 1997 by M.A.P.A., according to the current official catalog of sheep breeds.

In 1979 el M.A.P.A. race cataloged as "encouraging", Breeders Association constituted in the year 1982. In 1988, Specific Regulation of the breed herd book was published, to ensure purity and improving it. In 1992, ANCA is officially recognized and registered in the General Registry and Breeders Association Purebred Sheep. In 2000, the two selection schemes Castellana breed was officially recognized: milk, and maternal / prolificacy capacity .

Through collaboration with M.A.P.A., the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock of the Junta de Castilla y León, and the Provincial Councils of Zamora and Valladolid, ANCA makes the Official Milk Control milking herds enrolled in the Association. There are males rated, males and males awaiting trial. Inseminations are performed free of charge to farmers Association, with the requirement that at least one 50% dose males are tested for. Farmers who wish to purchase the doses are available in the Center Selection and Improvement of Castilla y León (Toro), as well as the Lion CENSYRA.

Turn are important in promoting the breed quality products recognized: is protected by the Protected Geographical Identification "Lechazo de Castilla y León", since its inception in 1997, always slaughtered weighing between 9 and 12 kg. and ranked 1st in the slaughterhouse.

Sheep milk also is covered in the product designation of origin "Queso Zamorano", up from 1993. Within this designation hard cheeses pure Spanish sheep's milk or churra are welcome, covering the whole province of Zamora.

Since the creation of the Association, livestock auctions are carried, Stallions usually. The Association celebrates its Official Competition-Auction Columbus in Fair Botiguero, whose date is the end of week coinciding with Palm Sunday (months of March or April depending on the year), National Auction Salamanca (9-11 September), and participates in various livestock exhibitions, Carbajales like Alba (Zamora), and Bermillo of Resume (Zamora).

PHOTO 10 PHOTO 8

 

 

 

 

 

Race from the trunk entrefinas sheep, whose common ancestor is the Ovis aries celtivericus, which descend numerous races in the Iberian Peninsula. He occupied the northern plains plateau, associating with cereal crops, where redileo in stubble for estercolarlas was a fundamental part of farming. In other seasons marginal advantage pastures, which were more efficient than cattle. It might have some influence Merino which he shared with ravines and port areas, although this breed only performed transterminance.

 

Originally the coat was black, but the middle of last century the depreciation of the black wool was so important, the selection to the white layer was systematically, introduced in areas of Castilla La Mancha breed to accelerate this process. This selection persists to this day, because although the wool has no great value, the skin is quite appreciated lechazos, and items with black colored pups are penalized.

There are hardly any references to race, because this concept was coined in the S. XIX, and in sheep, and other animals for slaughter, no specific names were used, but were named as "sheep country", or eventually taking the place names of the area. La Castellana breed took its name from the northern sub-plateau where it originated.

Since ancient times are known the Livestock Trade Medina del Campo, Castellana where race has always had a strong presence, and dating back to the Middle Ages. Also continue to take place in the province of Zamora fairs such as Alba Carbajales, already known since the nineteenth century, and where farmers have come to acquire the best stallions. Also in Zamora, until the end of the last century was celebrated on April Fair Botiguero, which has again resumed in recent years.

The County Council owns the Finca Salamanca "Castro Enriquez" a herd in purity of race Castellana, separately maintain both white and black variety. This herd was established based on local sheep, Stallions with contributions from the province of Zamora. However, not until the eighties began a scheduled improvement rigorously.

In 1979 Race was classified by the Ministry of Agriculture as promotion race, creating three years later, in 1982, the Spanish National Association of Cattle Breeders Sheep Breed Select Castellana, ANCA. The following year the Special Select Registry cattle breed was established, and in 1988 Specific Regulation of the Stud Book was published. Finally, Year 2000 schemes were approved dairy selection and prolificacy / maternal capacity for beef cattle.

CENSUS OF SHEEP BREED Castellana

Within the CC AA de Castilla y León, the province with the most important census Castellana breed is Zamora, where they are concentrated in the regions of Ready, Sanabria and mainly Resume.

In the rest of the province can be found more scattered herds, as in the provinces of Valladolid, Leon, and Salamanca. The census published by Sánchez Belda described a population of over a million and a half heads.

Currently the census may be about 350.000 animals, stabilized in a few 10 years old.

Zamora areas where Spanish is the majority race sheep breed (some 135.000 heads distributed at approximately 500 holdings), have a perfect adaptation of natural pasture the sheep. Also there it crosses all races has been systematic, but none have been able to displace these animals.

Castellana SKILLS OF RACE

Rustic Oveja of aptitud triple: meat, y Lana licked, ó cuádruple, if you add manure production, rarely mentioned. Manure production is important on farms, as it is still a system of sheep-cereal; wool production to be considered undesirable, as its price does not cover the cost of shearing.

Meat production is the most important, ranging prolificacy in control of the herds between 1'1 and 1'7, with an average of 1.4. Considering just estrus induction methods are not used and that supplementation is limited, this is good thing, given the hardiness of the breed.

Selling focuses on the young spring lamb or lamb, who sacrifices the 20-40 days old, Once I reached a weight of 10-12 kg. live. Average yields of the channel are 55%, with a weight of 4.5 kg-6'5 without head ni offal, and 5'5-7'5 with them. These channels must present a good thickening and a pale flesh color.

Feeding the lechazos is exclusively breastfed, which gives a very mild flavor, still a very popular product, part of the culinary culture of our community.

The lamb began as traditional product of dairy farms, where breeding was sacrificed early in order to take advantage of the mother's milk to make cheese.

However at present the vast majority of beef herds also sell lechazos, good price given the market reaching.

Also noteworthy is the higher production of lambs weighing between 20-30 kg, usually finished in feedlot and rarely leave holdings that weight. Carcass yields are always lower than 50%, and are channels that are always presented without heads and offal. This type of heavy lamb is produced mainly in the province of Zamora.

In dairy cattle, spread revenues to 50% between milk and meat. The average production within the Association is 105 liters 120 days. This average has been declining in recent years, due to reduced milking time, still rare in practice and lactation reaches those 120 days that makes the normalized lactating sheep.

Of course within these averages there is great variability, ranging from farms that do not reach the 80 liters, exceeding other 140.

Regarding the quality of milk, fat percentage is 6'55 %, and 5.57% protein. Also here are farms that exceed half the 7%, with extracts dried over 18'5 %.

As the wool is currently marginal product. With small oscillations, black wool half price valued the white, although today has great influence in choosing the layer. If change affects the skin; in recent years prices are at lows, but have come to have great value.

The skin is obtained from lechazos is a quality product, black coat but you can not dye, so the games where many black animals appear depreciate.

GENETIC SELECTION OF SHEEP BREED Castellana

A mid-S. XX there were still lots of black animals in purity, since it is the original layer breed, but persistent selection and animal breeding white layer (mainly by the introduction of Manchego breed), almost completely eliminated these animals; pure black animals are very rare (blackberries sheep). The presence of white spot on the nape is the most common. This can be considered a peculiar feature of the Black Castellana, and other fine breeds entrefinas and black varieties, cases of Manchego or Merina, them individuals are completely black, although crossing has been more intense than in the Castellana. Black Spanish variety is listed endangered since 1997 by M.A.P.A., according to the current official catalog of sheep breeds.

In 1979 el M.A.P.A. race cataloged as "encouraging", Breeders Association constituted in the year 1982. In 1988, Specific Regulation of the breed herd book was published, to ensure purity and improving it. In 1992, ANCA is officially recognized and registered in the General Registry and Breeders Association Purebred Sheep. In 2000, the two selection schemes Castellana breed was officially recognized: milk, and maternal / prolificacy capacity .

Through collaboration with M.A.P.A., the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock of the Junta de Castilla y León, and the Provincial Councils of Zamora and Valladolid, ANCA makes the Official Milk Control milking herds enrolled in the Association. There are males rated, males and males awaiting trial. Inseminations are performed free of charge to farmers Association, with the requirement that at least one 50% dose males are tested for. Farmers who wish to purchase the doses are available in the Center Selection and Improvement of Castilla y León (Toro), as well as the Lion CENSYRA.

Turn are important in promoting the breed quality products recognized: is protected by the Protected Geographical Identification "Lechazo de Castilla y León", since its inception in 1997, always slaughtered weighing between 9 and 12 kg. and ranked 1st in the slaughterhouse.

Sheep milk also is covered in the product designation of origin "Queso Zamorano", up from 1993. Within this designation hard cheeses pure Spanish sheep's milk or churra are welcome, covering the whole province of Zamora.

Since the creation of the Association, livestock auctions are carried, Stallions usually. The Association celebrates its Official Competition-Auction Columbus in Fair Botiguero, whose date is the end of week coinciding with Palm Sunday (months of March or April depending on the year), National Auction Salamanca (9-11 September), and participates in various livestock exhibitions, Carbajales like Alba (Zamora), and Bermillo of Resume (Zamora).