Raza caprina Alpina
1. General characteristics of the Goat Race Alpina
Reports the MAGRAMA it is a race of great economic interest. This breed is native to the Swiss Alps. Spread and was enhanced in the French Alps crossing with indigenous goats in the area, where he acquired the name “Alpino Francesa”. It is possibly the most cosmopolitan breed within the species, since it can be found in many countries of the five continents.
In Spain the first herd appears at the end of the decade of the 70, from the neighboring country, a Villarcayo (Burgos), shortly after a flock is created in Navarra. Throughout the decade of the 80 is distributed almost purity northern Castile and León and Asturias eastern mountain, in the latter region and some other mountain areas in extensive breeding crosses with local breeds. In the 90 extends from northwest of northern León Zamora to Salamanca, in turn introduces a few herds in Catalonia.
The Alpina is a goat high and medium-sized, subhipermétrica and logilínea or sublongilínea. The live weight of females ranges from 60 and 80 kilos and males 80 and 100 kilos.
Currently, a census is estimated 25.400 copies, belonging to 68 holdings, distributed in the Autonomous Communities of Asturias, Cantabria, Castile and León, Galicia and the Basque Country. In this census the 73% is located in the autonomous community of Castile and León.
3.- PRODUCTION CHARACTERISTICS AND OPERATING SYSTEMS.
It is a specialized dairy breed medium format. It's rustic and is adapted to permanent housing as grazing, or to life in the mountains. It operates mostly in summer and its main product is mostly milk goes to cheese making.
Other abilities of this breed are the production of fur and meat production of suckling kids.
Alpina's Goat milk is a great race, enjoys a high adaptation to mechanical milking, su ubre, well formed, thanks to the formation of the posterior third, variable length with nipples, milk releases easily once.
The average yields published in France are 762kg milk 275 days of lactation with a butterfat rate 3,46% and 3,03% rate of protein (Caprigene France 1995). In quantitative controls production of a total of 4000 animals 6 holdings in the provinces of León and Zamora, Goats are located in the following parameters:626 liters> milk 236 days of lactation with a butterfat rate 3,70% and 3,36% rate of protein.
Kids weigh at birth 4-5 kg female and male respectively, take a month to reach 9,5 kg is the ideal medium for marketing in a yield of carcass 64%. Most farming operations performed by artificial feeding kids.
The replacement rate is the herd 30-35% weaning age and animal rearing is 16 kg for males and 12 kg for females with a mean age of 80 days. The average daily gain at weaning 100g / day.
The puberty in males is evident to 120 days and females at 150 days. The average age at first birth in France is 450 days and in Spanish herds 410 days. The calving interval is 365 days.
Goats of this breed noted for their pronounced seasonality lasting sexual season 210 days.